Tobacco products kill 7 million people annually. Last year in 2019, the International Labour Organization (ILO) rightly chose to not renew its cooperation with Japan Tobacco International (JTI) and the Elimination of Child Labour in Tobacco Growing (ECLT) Foundation an organisation exclusively financed and controlled by tobacco companies.
Tobacco industry Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities undermine progress on health and development and stifle the ability of tobacco workers to express their freedom to associate and bargain collectively.
During its upcoming technical meeting, taking place from 3rd to 5th July 2019 in Kampala (Uganda), the ILO needs to take ambitious steps to address the severe decent work deficits in the tobacco sector without accepting funds from the very companies that are responsible for the current situation.
The recommended outcomes for the upcoming technical meeting are to:
- Prioritize improving the bargaining position and living conditions of farmers and their families and take all necessary steps to fulfil the decision to not renew industry cooperation.
- Secure and ensure the ability for tobacco workers to express their freedom to associate and bargain collectively by prioritizing policies, partnerships, and programs that are free from the vested and corruptive role of tobacco corporations that undermine the workers and promote unhealthy practices.
- Stop the ability for tobacco companies to rely on Corporate Social Responsibility activities that ultimately paint the corporations in a positive light, while allowing countries, workers, and citizens to bear the economic, public health, and development costs associated with its business.
- Urge the ILO to secure alternative funding to support tobacco workers and farmers that does not include any tobacco industry money directly or via front groups.
Tobacco companies have a long-standing history of denying health risks, fostering poverty wages and condoning unsafe working conditions among tobacco farmers and workers. They frequently interfere with the implementation of anti-smoking policies, suppress legitimate worker organizing efforts and use corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities to hide their harmful activities and enhance their public reputation. The World Health Organisation Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) includes a provision (“Article 5.3”) that calls on Parties to the treaty to enact strong measures to protect public health policymaking from the undue influence of the tobacco industry. As of today, 180 countries including Zambia and the EU are Parties to the FCTC, committing to fulfil its obligations without reservations.
TOBACCO GROWING IS PRECARIOUS AND HAZARDOUS WORK
Despite growing awareness of the harms of smoking, the global cigarette industry remains one of the most profitable industries in the world selling a product that eventually kills more than 50% of its users. Cigarette retail value is estimated to be worth US$ 699.4 billion. However, it is not the workers and farmers who profit. Tobacco growers in developing countries have a particularly weak bargaining position as most farmers run small scale operations but sell to big multinationals with much more market power. Cigarette manufacturers and leaf buying companies have managed to structure supply chains in a way that marginalize those at the bottom and use opaque contracting systems to obscure their obligations to those who produce their products
Despite the tobacco industry’s rhetoric about occupational safety in farming practices, growers and plantation workers continue to face harms at different stages of cultivating tobacco. Tobacco readily exposes many growers to grave chemical hazards. Just by handling the tobacco plant, tobacco growers and farm workers, often including children, are at risk of green tobacco sickness (GTS), caused by respiratory and dermal absorption of nicotine from skin contact with tobacco leaves. Tobacco farmers and farm workers are also frequently exposed to extremely high levels of agrochemicals (i.e., insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, fumigants, growth inhibitors, and ripening agents) throughout the growing cycle. These problems have been documented extensively by the ILO itself (GB.329/POL/6 and GB.331/POL/5).
TOBACCO CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IS A COVERT ADVERTISING, NOT EFFECTIVE REMEDY.
Since 2002, ILO had received more than US$ 15 million from tobacco companies and its subsidiaries. This type of cooperation was the last of its kind among UN agencies and provided a platform for representatives of the tobacco industry and their subsidiaries to cast themselves as part of the solution to a problem they caused knowingly. In addition, the effectiveness of the projects in question has frequently been questioned, as indicated by trade unions active in the tobacco sector and verified by academic research. In order to avoid scenarios in which the tobacco industry is allowed undue influence acquired through CSR financing, the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Articles 5.3 and 13 Guidelines recommend a ban on tobacco-related CSR activities because they are a form of sponsorship. More than two dozen countries have already enacted such a ban and we urge Zambia to observe the guidelines of FCTC article 5.3 critically as it is going through tobacco control bill process.
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION NEEDS A COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY FREE FROM UNDUE INFLUENCE AND VESTED INTEREST.
Tobacco CSR programs have allowed the tobacco industry to collaborate with a reputable organization such as the International Labour Organization, boost its public image, and again access to high – level government officials in the target countries over two decades.
However, the preservation or discontinuation of such programs is not central to addressing the severe deficits of the sector. The main focus of the meeting in Kampala, Uganda should be to develop a comprehensive strategy that tackles the root cause of the problems in the tobacco sector, namely poor working and bargaining conditions that force farmers into financial hardships and ultimately make them turn to child labour. Investments in these areas will deliver sustainable improvements and make ‘last resort’ interventions such as industry financed CSR projects with questionable results obsolete.
Finally, the Framework Convention Alliance would like to remind all 181 Parties to the FCTC again that Articles 5.3 and 13 Guidelines call for a ban on all CSR activities by the tobacco industry. Following the decision to end funding from the tobacco industry, the technical meeting in Kampala should move forward in finding real solutions to the problems confronting tobacco growers. Countries involved in the ILO process are also implementing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The UNDP, for instance, works collaboratively with governments to end poverty and its programmes are being conducted in countries growing tobacco. Pilot projects such as the Social Impact Bond Programme that can be used to help tobacco farmers finance the switch to other viable non-tobacco livelihoods have shown great promise. The UNDP also has a policy of non-engagement with the tobacco industry. Accepting funds from a business with a vested interest in the status quo of widespread child labour and weak collective bargaining structures will not deliver the sustainable solution ILO is seeking.
- Contact: Obeddie Lubasi
Position: Programs and Research Manager
Organization: Centre for Advocacy and Research on Tobacco Control in Zambia (CARTOCOZA),
Chrizzima Democracy University (CDU)
Mobile: +260 966 163 816
Mobile: +260 979 441781